Index: The Book of Statistical ProofsGeneral Theorems ▷ Probability theory ▷ Further summary statistics ▷ Maximum

Definition: The maximum of a sample or random variable is its highest observed or possible value.

1) Let $x = \left\lbrace x_1, \ldots, x_n \right\rbrace$ be a sample from a random variable $X$. Then, the maximum of $x$ is

$\label{eq:max-samp} \mathrm{max}(x) = x_j, \quad \text{such that} \quad x_j \geq x_i \quad \text{for all} \quad i = 1, \ldots, n, \; i \neq j \; ,$

i.e. the maximum is the value which is larger than or equal to all other observed values.

2) Let $X$ be a random variable with possible values $\mathcal{X}$. Then, the maximum of $X$ is

$\label{eq:max-rvar} \mathrm{max}(X) = \tilde{x}, \quad \text{such that} \quad \tilde{x} > x \quad \text{for all} \quad x \in \mathcal{X}\setminus\left\lbrace \tilde{x} \right\rbrace \; ,$

i.e. the maximum is the value which is larger than all other possible values.

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Metadata: ID: D108 | shortcut: max | author: JoramSoch | date: 2020-11-12, 05:33.